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Application no. 56995/16

against Romania

The European Court of Human Rights (Fourth Section), sitting on 2 February 2023 as a Committee composed of:

Armen Harutyunyan, President,
Anja Seibert-Fohr,
Ana Maria Guerra Martins, judges,

and Viktoriya Maradudina, Acting Deputy Section Registrar,

Having regard to the above application lodged on 12 December 2016,

Having regard to the observations submitted by the respondent Government and the observations in reply submitted by the applicant,

Having deliberated, decides as follows:


The applicant’s details are set out in the appended table.

The applicant’s complaints under Article 3 of the Convention concerning the inadequate conditions of detention were communicated to the Romanian Government (“the Government”).


The applicant complained principally of the inadequate conditions of his detention. He relied on Article 3 of the Convention, which reads as follows:

“No one shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.”

The Government argued mainly that the applicant had lost his victim status because he had benefitted from the remedy offered by Law no. 169/2017 amending and completing Law no. 254/2013 on the execution of sentences. They asked the Court to reject the present application for being incompatible ratione personae with the provisions of the Convention.

The applicant disagreed, claiming that the compensation awarded to him was insufficient.

The Court notes that in the decision Dîrjan and Ştefan v. Romania ((dec.), nos. 14224/15 and 50977/15, 15 April 2020) it has examined similar applications as the one in the present case and declared them inadmissible because the applicants had lost their victim status. The Court noted that Law no. 169/2017 amending and completing Law no. 254/2013 on the execution of sentences, adopted following the pilot judgment in the case of Rezmiveș and Others v. Romania (nos. 61467/12 and 3 others, 25 April 2017) and in force between October 2017 and December 2019, was an effective remedy in respect of inadequate conditions of detention in Romanian prisons. More specifically, the above law set forth a compensatory remedy, available for periods of detention ranging from 2012 to 2019 and allowing the deduction of six days for 30 days spent in conditions of detention that fell short of standards compatible with Article 3 of the Convention (see Dîrjan and Ştefan, cited above, § 28). That benefit had an impact on the term of the prison sentences, giving detainees an opportunity of earlier release on parole.

Turning to the circumstances of the present case, the Court has not found any fact or argument capable of persuading it to reach a different conclusion on the admissibility of those complaints. The above-mentioned remedy was available to the applicant in the present application and, indeed, he had benefitted from it. Thus, the domestic authorities, applying the provisions laid down in the abovementioned decision Dîrjan and Ştefan, awarded compensation, through the reduction of days, to the applicant for the entire period of detention spent in inadequate conditions of which he complained (for further details see the appended table). Furthermore, the applicant was released from prison.

The Court is therefore satisfied that the applicant has been afforded adequate redress and can no longer claim to be a victim of a violation of his rights under Article 3 of the Convention, insofar as the conditions of his detention, described in the appended table, are concerned. It follows that the application is incompatible ratione personae with the provisions of the Convention and must be rejected in accordance with Article 35 §§ 3 (a) and 4 of the Convention.

For these reasons, the Court, unanimously,

Declares the application inadmissible.

Done in English and notified in writing on 2 March 2023.


Viktoriya Maradudina Armen Harutyunyan
Acting Deputy Registrar President


Application raising complaints under Article 3 of the Convention

(inadequate conditions of detention)

Application no.

Date of introduction

Applicant’s name

Year of birth


Start and end date


Domestic compensation awarded (in days)

based on total period calculated by national authorities





Neamț County Police Station; Bacău, Iași, Tulcea and Vaslui Prisons

21/02/2014 to


3 year(s) and 1 month(s) and 2 day(s)

222 days in compensation for a total period of detention spent in inadequate conditions from 21/02/2014 to 22/03/2017